Tanzania Water Project
Tanzania Water Project
What is the issue?
The purpose of our Tanzania water well project is to improve water availability for household use and irrigation. Energy for All is collaborating with locals in Tanzanian to provide a reliable and safe water well.
Tanzania, with an estimated 52 million people, is the largest country in East Africa. According to Water Aid, approximately 85% of people living there do not have access to safe drinking water. Yet the Tanzania Poverty and Human Development Report suggests that Tanzania has adequate water resources for every citizen. The Food and Agriculture Organisation determined that in 2007 there was 2,291.2 m3 of renewable water resources for every citizen. Tanzanian water shortages are a result of uneven water distribution over time and space, the country’s inadequate natural and artificial water storage capacity and the infancy of national water management institutions.
Energy For All (E4A) was approached by TATU Project in 2016 and asked to implement a water project in northeastern Tanzania. TATU Project is a Tanzania-based organisation which facilitates equal and sustainable development projects together with the community members of Msitu Wa Tembo and Londoto. The villages are in the Pangani River Basin where nearby rice and cane farming and a hydroelectric station put stress on the region’s surface water supply.
A preliminary water study conducted by members of the E4A team confirmed difficult water access and poor water quality in the villages. Many people walk for an hour or more to a water source every day. Fetching water is usually the responsibility of women and girls, who carry it in buckets and jugs balanced on their head. This daily routine often keeps women and girls from valuable opportunities such as school and work. Water sources in the villages contain unacceptable water-fluoride concentrations. Water exceeding 1.5 parts per million (ppm) of fluoride is unfit for human consumption according to the World Health Organisation. 1.5 to 3 ppm fluoride levels will over time cause tooth brittleness known as fluorosis and nicknamed ‘roasted teeth. Concentrations ranging from 4 to 8 ppm will over time result in bone brittleness and deformation called skeletal fluorosis. The fluoride is naturally occurring in much of Tanzania because of mica, apatite and fluorite minerals which make up Tanzania’s geology.
Energy for All, TATU Project and members of the local community are going to install a well and irrigation system which will draw 30,000 litres of fresh, clean ground water in Msitu Wa Tembo and Londoto daily. The following is a list of the major material components.
In addition to assisting with project installation, local technicians will be trained in the operation and maintenance of the well. This will create local jobs and ensure that the project is self-sustaining in the long term. The project materials will be sourced from local manufacturers in support of the local economy.
In conjunction with the new water well, Energy For All and TATU Project will conduct water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) training. The WASH workshops teach locals about a variety of issues including open defecation and water conservation.
Msitu Wa Tembo and Londoto continue to struggle with poverty. TATU Project has a comprehensive approach to community development with a focus on improving five problem areas. These include access to water, health, education, environmental practises and marginalisation of women. As our project unfolds, each of these issues will be addressed.
The new water well and the WASH training will improve access to water, health and education and environmental practises in Msitu Wa Tembo and Londoto. But perhaps the most significant change will be in lifestyles of women and girls. With a water well in place, many woman and girls will be freed up to partake in work and school activities when they previously spent time gathering water for their households. Further to their empowerment are opportunities to take on water and other civic management roles. TATU Project has worked with local women to facilitate women’s empowerment with two key programs—WE Grow and WE Thrive. In WE Grow, women will be empowered toward personal growth in their homes and in their society. In WE Thrive, women are empowered with skills to take on financial independence and foster their entrepreneurial spirit.
When our funding goals are met, our project will start in July, 2018. The first step is to conduct a geological survey. Once we determine the well location, the team will drill. Starting in August, more volunteers will arrive to conduct WASH training for locals in the community.
We thank every donor for making this happen. With your help we are improving thousands of lives in this community.